Generic Name: ivermectin
Brand Name: Stromectol
Drug Class: Antiparasitic Agents
What is Stromectol and how is it used?
Stromectol is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of certain parasite infections (Strongyloidiasis of the Intestinal Tract and River Blindess (Onchocerciasis)). Stromectol may be used alone or with other medications. Stromectol belongs to a class of drugs called Antihelmintics. It is also recommended for those who are in critical condition. Biologically, Stromecedin is a purine synthesized by the plasminogen activator protein (PAMP), called an ion-catalyzed potassium pump.
What are the side effects of ivermectin?
Ivermectin side effects tiredness. loss of energy. stomach pain. loss of appetite. nausea. vomiting. diarrhea. dizziness.
Is ivermectin safe for humans?
When given orally, ivermectin can be used for treating head or pubic lice and scabies (an itchy, highly contagious skin disease caused by mites burrowing in the skin). Over 300 million people take ivermectin each year. To date, ivermectin has been shown to be a safe and well-tolerated drug.
What is ivermectin used to treat in humans?
Ivermectin is a medication used to treat many types of parasite infestations. This includes head lice, scabies, river blindness (onchocerciasis), strongyloidiasis, trichuriasis, and lymphatic filariasis. The drug is used in animal studies, and has been used to control the spread of parasitic bacteria in humans. It is thought that the drug is extremely effective against the Salmonella enteritidis parasite.
How often should ivermectin be taken?
Oral ivermectin (200µg/kg/dose) should be taken with food. Depending on infection severity, ivermectin should be taken in three doses (approximately days 1, 2, and 8), five doses (approximately days 1, 2, 8, 9, and 15), or seven doses (approximately days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, 22, and 29).
How long does ivermectin take to work?
Ivermectin is metabolized in the liver, and ivermectin and/or its metabolites are excreted almost exclusively in the feces over an estimated 12 days, with less than 1% of the administered dose excreted in the urine. The plasma half-life of ivermectin in man is approximately 18 hours following oral administration.
What parasites does ivermectin kill?
Ivermectin is in a class of medications called anthelmintics. It treats strongyloidosis by killing the worms in the intestines. It treats onchocerciasis by killing the developing worms. Ivermectin does not kill the adult worms that cause onchocerciasis and therefore it will not cure this type of infection.
Should ivermectin be taken with food?
If used for classic scabies, two doses of oral ivermectin (200µg/kg/dose) should be taken with food, each approximately one week apart. Note that although ivermectin guidelines recommend taking on an empty stomach, scabies experts recommend taking with a meal to increase bioavailability.
When should I take ivermectin?
Take this medication by mouth with a full glass of water (8 ounces or 240 milliliters) on an empty stomach at least 1 hour before a meal. Ivermectin is usually taken as a single dose or series of doses, or as directed by your doctor. Dosage is based on your weight, medical condition, and response to treatment.
How much does ivermectin cost?
A single dose of ivermectin for a 70-kg (154-lb) adult costs about $38 (for three 6-mg pills) or about $67 for the same dose in 3-mg pills. Lindane (2 oz of 1 percent lotion) costs about $17, and permethrin (2 oz of 5 percent cream) costs about $38.